Thursday, June 21, 2012

SPECIFIC COMMON INJURIES: Lumbar strain-sprain /Cervical strain-sprain [Whiplash]

I've highlighted some injuries commonly sustained by the victims of Maryland car accidents. You'll see some medical terminology in this article. But make no mistake, I'm not a doctor, and nothing in this article is medical advice, and should not be used as such. These materials are presented for general, educational purposes only. If you've been injured in Maryland car accident, by all mean seek the care and attendance of a qualified physician without delay.

Maryland car accident lawyers handling motor vehicle and car accident cases deal with these types of injuries on a daily basis. A ligament is a sinew that attaches bone to bone. [e.g. the "ACL" / anterior cruciate ligament in the knee]. A tendon is a sinew that connects bone to muscle [e.g. the "Achilles tendon" in the leg]. When the forces involved in a Baltimore automobile accident cause the ligaments in the neck and back to tear, doctors call this injury a sprain. When the forces involved in a Maryland automobile accident cause the tendons or muscles in the neck and back to fray or partially tear, doctors call this injury a strain. If the damage is severe enough, it's referred to as a full thickness tear. Sprains and strains are rated by severity from Grade 1 to Grade 3 [complete tear]. Injuries to the neck [cervical] or the back [lumbar] in Baltimore auto accident cases are sometimes referred to collectively as strain/sprain. Maryland car accident lawyers practicing in the 70s, 80s and 90s would commonly see strain/sprain injuries to the neck referred to as "whiplash"- although use of this term is decreasing. In current parlance, cervical and lumbar strains and sprains are referred to as "soft tissue injuries". Although commonly used by medical professionals, the insurance industry often uses this phrase as a prejorative [e.g. "she can't be hurt, these injuries are just all soft tissue".] Anyone who's ever had a cervical strain would justifiably be insulted by that statement.  Common complaints of car accident victims with these injuries are pain, pain on movement loss of range of motion, stiffness, tightness and the like. If pain radiates into the extremities, it may be evidence of a more serious condition. Physical therapy, anit-inflammatory and pain medications and chiropractic care are the common modalities of treament. Most of these types of injuries resolve within three months.

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